The BOB Approach

Framework for building personalizing projects

BOB is an Approach

Building Outside the Blocks™ (BOB) is the overarching term that best describes all of Noa Daniel's work. When she first coined the phrase, it referred to an approach that she developed that uses personalizing projects to help students build skill, autonomy, community and connection in minimal class time.  Now, BOB has come to mean and represent so much more, reflecting the power of divergent thinking in approaching learning  and building community. 

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Knowledge and Skills

BOB projects, referred to as BOBs, focus on student learning goals, including standards-based content and skills such as critical thinking, problem solving, communication, collaboration, and self-management.  They help student build a sense of ownership of their work their self direction  and agency. BOBs also build connections for individuals to themselves and for the community to each other. 

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Authentic Task, Problem or Question

BOBs are teacher-provided, student-driven assignments. Like all Project Based Learning (PBL), BOBs are framed by a meaningful task or question to explore. They are catalysts for a personalizing inquiry that helps to meet a bevy of curriculum expectations and  build learning skills in meaningful authentic contexts and  speaks to students’ lives and interests.

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Minimal Class Time

Unlike traditional Project Based Learning scenarios, BOBs mostly take place at home. While some instruction and lead time may be required, BOB projects take little class time. It takes around 5 minutes for each BOB project presentation, yet students spend hours preparing on their own self- directed time. With no more than 3 presenters on a given day, this high yielding strategy is especially useful for teachers trying to do more with less class time.

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Sharing and Feedback

Students present to and hear feedback from their class.  The classroom is an active learning community of "coaches” who articulate the success criteria through formative feedback in the form of  questions, comments, and critiques celebrating accomplishments and encouraging next steps.   The teacher guides and is a creative collaborator in the process  as well as a facilitator of the presentation experience. Along with a rubric, formative feedback is given in writing to clarify next steps.

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Voice and Choice



BOBs are ways for learners to bring  a piece of themselves to a school assignment by allowing them to have a say in what they produce as well as when they share it with the class. The teacher  determines the overall timeline of the assignment including presentation dates. From there, the rest is up to the students.